Gum (Osseous) Surgery
Osseous surgeries reshape and smooth the bone affected by the pocket, building a shallower space that is less hospitable to bacteria than the larger pocket was. The procedure includes a complete cleaning of the surface of the root.
First step is to find out which teeth need the surgery. If the pocket surrounding the tooth has a depth of 4 millimeters or greater, surgery is necessary. Other symptoms include red, swollen gums that bleed easily after contact. The periodontist makes an incision into the gum tissue surrounding the area needing treatment, lifting the gum off the tooth and bone. This provides access to the root of the tooth and the bone so that the periodontist can clean the root thoroughly.
After smoothing the bone surface, the periodontist trims and stitches the gum tissue into place.
Post-surgical treatment includes a pain medicine prescription and dissolution of the stitches within 7 to 10 days.